One of these following facts about alcoholism should better prevent you, your friends, and even your children to consume alcohol too often. Alcoholism is a broad term for problems with alcohol, and is generally used to mean compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcoholic beverages, usually to the detriment of the drinker’s health, personal relationships, and social standing. It is medically considered a disease, specifically an addictive illness. In psychiatry several other terms have been used, specifically “alcohol abuse”, “alcohol dependence” and “alcohol use disorder” which have slightly different definitions. Furthermore, to get to know more about this problem, here are some other facts about alcoholism you should be aware of.
Facts about alcoholism 1: Treatment
Treatment of alcoholism takes several steps. Because of the medical problems that can be caused by withdrawal, alcohol detoxification should be carefully controlled and may involve medications such as benzodiazepines such as diazepam. People with alcoholism also sometimes have other addictions, including addictions to benzodiazepines, which may complicate this step.
Facts about alcoholism 2: Alcohol Dependence Syndrome
In 1979, an expert World Health Organization committee discouraged the use of “alcoholism” in medicine, preferring the category of “alcohol dependence syndrome”.In the 19th and early 20th centuries, alcohol dependence in general was called dipsomania, but that term now has a much more specific meaning.
Facts about alcoholism 3: Early Signs
The risk of alcohol dependence begins at low levels of drinking and increases directly with both the volume of alcohol consumed and a pattern of drinking larger amounts on an occasion. Young adults are particularly at risk.
Facts about alcoholism 4: Long-term Misuse
Alcoholism is characterised by an increased tolerance of and physical dependence on alcohol, affecting an individual’s ability to control alcohol consumption safely. These characteristics are believed to play a role in impeding an alcoholic’s ability to stop drinking.
Facts about alcoholism 5: Physical
Long-term alcohol abuse can cause a number of physical symptoms, including cirrhosis of the liver, pancreatitis, epilepsy, polyneuropathy, alcoholic dementia, heart disease, nutritional deficiencies, peptic ulcers and sexual dysfunction, and can eventually be fatal.
Facts about alcoholism 6: Psychiatric
Severe cognitive problems are common; approximately 10 percent of all dementia cases are related to alcohol consumption, making it the second leading cause of dementia. Excessive alcohol use causes damage to brain function, and psychological health can be increasingly affected over time.
Facts about alcoholism 7: Social Effects
The social problems arising from alcoholism are serious, caused by the pathological changes in the brain and the intoxicating effects of alcohol.Alcohol abuse is associated with an increased risk of committing criminal offences, including child abuse, domestic violence, rape, burglary and assault.
Facts about alcoholism 8: Causes
A complex mixture of genetic and environmental factors influences the risk of the development of alcoholism. Genes that influence the metabolism of alcohol also influence the risk of alcoholism, and may be indicated by a family history of alcoholism.
Facts about alcoholism 9: Alcohol Availability
Alcohol is the most available and widely abused substance. Beer alone is the world’s most widely consumed alcoholic beverage; it is the third-most popular drink overall, after water and tea. It is thought by some to be the oldest fermented beverage.
Facts about alcoholism 10: Screening
Several tools may be used to detect a loss of control of alcohol use. These tools are mostly self-reports in questionnaire form. Another common theme is a score or tally that sums up the general severity of alcohol use.
Hope you would find those alcoholism facts really interesting, useful and helpful for your additional reading.