10 Interesting Facts about Afghanistan

One of these following facts about Afghanistan might give you much information about what kind of country Afghanistan is. Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in Central Asia and South Asia. It has a population of around 30 million inhabiting an area of approximately 652,000 km2 (252,000 sq mi), making it the 42nd most populous and 41st largest nation in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and the east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast. To get to know more about this country, here are some other facts about Afghanistan you might like.

Facts about Afghanistan 1: Ancient Focal Point

Afghanistan has been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration. Archaeologists have found evidence of human habitation from as far back as the Middle Paleolithic.

Facts about Afghanistan 2: Political History

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan begins in 1709 with the rise of the Pashtuns, historically known as “Afghans”, when the Hotaki dynasty was established in Kandahar followed by the rise of the Durrani Empire in 1747.

Facts about Afghanistan - Flag
Facts about Afghanistan – Flag

Facts about Afghanistan 3: Most Dangerous Country

Three decades of war made Afghanistan one of the world’s most dangerous countries.While the international community is rebuilding war-torn Afghanistan, terrorist groups such as the Haqqani Network and Hezbi Islami are actively involved in a nationwide Taliban-led insurgency, which includes hundreds of assassination and suicide attacks.

Facts about Afghanistan 4: Etymology

The name “Afghanistan” originates from the ethnonym “Afghan”. Historically, the name “Afghan” mainly designated the Pashtun people, the largest ethnic group of Afghanistan. This name is mentioned in the form of Abgan in the third century CE by the Sassanians and as Avagana (Afghana) in the 6th century CE by Indian astronomer Varahamira.

Facts about Afghanistan - Election
Facts about Afghanistan – Election

Facts about Afghanistan 5: Location

A landlocked mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest, Afghanistan is described as being located within Central Asia or South Asia.

Facts about Afghanistan 6: Western Influence

Following the 1842 defeat of the British-Indian forces and victory of the Afghans, the British established diplomatic relations with the Afghan government but withdrew all forces from the country. They returned during the Second Anglo-Afghan War in the late 1870s for about two-year military operations, which was to assist Abdur Rahman Khan defeat Ayub Khan.

Facts about Afghanistan - Mujahideen
Facts about Afghanistan – Mujahideen

Facts about Afghanistan 7: People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan

In April 1978, the communist People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) seized power in Afghanistan in the Saur Revolution. Within months, opponents of the communist government launched an uprising in eastern Afghanistan that quickly expanded into a civil war waged by guerrilla mujahideen against government forces countrywide.

Facts about Afghanistan 8: Foreign Interference

After the fall of Najibullah’s government in 1992, the Afghan political parties agreed on a peace and power-sharing agreement (the Peshawar Accords). The accords created the Islamic State of Afghanistan and appointed an interim government for a transitional period to be followed by general elections.

Facts about Afghanistan - Soldiers
Facts about Afghanistan – Soldiers

Facts about Afghanistan 9: Governance

Afghanistan is an Islamic republic consisting of three branches, executive, legislative and judicial. The nation is currently led by Hamid Karzai as the President and leader since late 2001. The National Assembly is the legislature, a bicameral body having two chambers, the House of the People and the House of Elders.

Facts about Afghanistan 10: Foreign Relations

The Afghan Ministry of Foreigh Affairs is responsible for managing the foreign relations of Afghanistan. The nation has been a member of the UN since 1946, and has maintained good relations with the United States and other NATO member states since the signing of the Anglo-Afghan Treaty in 1919.

Facts about Afghanistan - Taliban beating woman for discovering her burqa in public
Facts about Afghanistan – Taliban beating woman for discovering her burqa in public

Hope you would find those Afghanistan facts really interesting, useful, and helpful for your additional reading.

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