Facts about Montgomery Bus Boycott will give you information about the major events in the Civil Rights Movement. Montgomery Bus Boycott was started on December 1, 1955 when Rosa Parks refused to move from her seat. At the time, Rosa was going home from work by bus. She sat in the row of black people. Unfortunately, the driver asked Rosa and three other passengers to move from their seat because the seats will be filled by white passengers. The three passengers followed the driver’s command but Rosa refused it. That’s why the driver called the police to arrest her. After that, Rosa Parks was known as “the mother of the civil rights movement.” There are still many information about Montgomery Bus Boycott that will be explained below.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1: Before the Boycott
Actually, the discrimination between the races (black people and white people) was common before 1956. It happened in the public areas and public transportation including restaurants, schools, water fountains, rest rooms, trains, and buses. The seat between black and white people was separated.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 2: Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913. Her full name was Rosa Louis McCauley Parks. She worked at a Montgomery department store as a seamstress. She went to the works by bus. Her husband was Raymond Parks. He was an active member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 3: Jo Ann Robinson
Jo Ann Robinson was one of the first leaders of the boycott. After Rosa was arrested, he could not sleep all night. Then, he spread a handout about the boycott.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 4: Martin Luther King
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the leader of the civil rights movement. He lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott which was helped by 17,000 black residents of Montgomery. They could defeat the racist system and the boycott was going on more than a year.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 5: Montgomery Improvement Association
Montgomery Improvement Association was a group which was formed by Martin Luther King to plan the boycott. As a leader, King and the boycotter gathered at church to make a meeting. They decided to continue the boycott after the first day of it.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 6: The advantages
The are many advantages of the boycott. After it, black people could sit wherever they wanted especially on a bus. Besides, it had formed a new leader for the civil rights movement.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 7: White people
White people were angry with the boycott. Of course, they were not happy. They used violence to treat the black people. The home of Martin Luther King Jr. and several black churches were bombed by them. Martin Luther King Jr. was also arrested and fined $500. Besides, white people also attacked the boycotters while walking.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 8: Black people
During the boycott, black people worked together to travel to the work. There are many ways that can be done by them, such as walked, used horse-drawn buggies, rode bicycles, and more. Even the black taxi drivers lowered the price to ten cents in order to help the black people got the same price as a bus.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 9: The end of the boycott
The boycott ended on December 20, 1956. It lasted for 381 days.
Facts about the Montgomery Bus Boycott 10: Dwight Eisenhower
Dwight Eisenhower is the 34th American President of the United States. He served as a president from January 20, 1953 to January 20, 1961. During his presidency, Montgomery Bus Boycott was one of the important events.
We have talked Facts about Montgomery Bus Boycott. Do you know other facts about it?