Have you ever heard about metalloid? What is it? Facts about metalloid will be explained you about a chemical element. Metalloid is also known as semimetal. It has some properties, including metal and nonmetal. Metalloids are located between metals and nonmetals elements in the periodic table. Besides, there are many advantages of metalloid. Most of them are used in the industrial materials, such as transistors, solar batteries, ceramics, and certain polymers. Here are ten interesting facts about metalloid. Check this out!
Facts about Metalloids 1: The elements in metalloids
Boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, antimony, and tellurium are the elements in metalloids, followed by selenium and polonium.
Facts about Metalloids 2: Silicon
The symbol of the chemical element silicon is “Si” with atomic number 14. Silicon belongs to the most important materials which are used to make electronics. Mobile phones and computer chips are some of the example of electronics which use silicon materials. Besides, it is usually used to make semiconductors.
Facts about Metalloids 3: The name of Tellurium
The name of tellurium comes from the Larin word “tellus” which means “earth.” The symbol of tellurium is “Te” with an atomic number 52. Brittle, rare, mildly toxic, and silver-white color are the characteristics of tellurium.
Facts about Metalloids 4: Germanium
Germanium is mase up of atom. “Ge” is the symbol of germanium with its number 32 on the periodic table. The characteristics of germanium is hard, shiny or lustrous, brittle, grayish-white. Besides, germaium becomes solid at room temperature. It also cannot react with air or water. However, it can be used to make semiconductors.
Facts about Metalloids 5: Antimony
Antimony comes from Greek words “anti monos” which means “not alone.” It can be found in the earth naturally. During ancient times, the Ancient Egyptians usually used antimony as a cosmetic. Besides, antimony is also used in metal alloys and tellirium likewise.
Facts about Metalloids 6: The properties of metalloids
There are many properties of metalloids. They are shiny, brittle, conduct heat and electricity, malleable, semiconductors (germanium and silicon), solids, and more.
Facts about Metalloids 7: The sequence of abundance elements
Silicon is the second most abundant element in the crust of Earth, followed by boron, germanium, arsenic, and antimony. Whereas tellurium is the least abundant or the rarest stable elements on Earth.
Facts about Metalloids 8: The periodic table
There are three groups of elements in the periodic table. They are metals, metalloids or semimetals, and nonmetals. Metal is the most elements in the periodic table. There is a stair-step line on the periodic table which is used to identify the groups of element. The line of metalloid is started from boron (B) and ended with polonium (Po).
Facts about Metalloids 9: Arsenic
The most poisonous of the elements is arsenic.
Facts about Metalloids 10: Polonium and Astatine
Polonium and astatine belong to the rare elements. They are also radioactive.
We have talked facts about metalloids. Are you interested to read this article? Do you know other facts about them? Hopefully, this article will help you to know more about metalloids. Enjoy reading!