Have you ever heard about Maximilian Kolbe? Who is he? Facts about Maximilian Kolbe will inform you about a Catholic saint. He was born on January 7, 1894 in Zdunska Wola, Poland. His full name is Maximilian Maria Kolbe. His first vows was professed in 1911 and the final vows in 1914. There are still many information about Kolbe will be explained below.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 1: Early Life
Kolbe joined the Militia of Mary Immaculate before he became a priest. He added ‘Mary’ to his name when he took his vows. Then, he continued to join the Franciscan order when he was teenager and took name ‘Maximilian’ at the time. He loved studying and worked to be a priest. Besides, he also believed that people needed their Heavenly Mother to protect and guide them.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 2: Family
Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska are Maximilian’s parents. His father was an ethnic German who worked as weaver. Whereas his mother was Polish who worked as midwife. Kolbe was born in a poor family. He was the second son from four brothers.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 3: Soldier
Actually, kolbe had a dream to be a soldier when he was young. He loved all things about military. Unfortunately, his illness caused him to leave his dream. Instead, he decided to join with the Franciscan noviate in 1910.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 4: Beatification
In 1971, Kolbe was beatified by Pope Paul VI and canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1982.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 5: Knights of the Immaculate
A group named ‘Knights of the Immaculate’ was formed by Kolbe in 1917. It was dedicated to perform charitable works, encourage people, and fight for goodness. Besides, the journal was also published by him which was designed to ‘illuminate the truth and show the way to true happiness.’ It was success, but still controversial.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 6: His illness
Kolbe had poor health during the rest of his life. He suffered tuberculosis which caused coughing up blood. That’s why the illness disturbed his studies. However, he never complained abou that.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 7: Kolbe in Japan
Kolbe visited Japan in 1930 to serve as a missionary and found a monastery of Nagasaki. At there, Kolbe learned to accept customs of local Japanese, such as Shinto customs. He also made a friend with local Buddhist priests. Unfortunately, he came back to Poland in 1936 due to his illness.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 8: Education
Kolbe studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University in 1915 and obtained a doctoral degree of philosophy. Besides, he also got a doctoral degree of theology at the St. Bonaventure University.
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 9: The expert of new media
Kolbe was an expert of new media. He used modern technology in his evangelization, such as modern printing technology, radio station, and
Facts about Maximilian Kolbe 10: Death
Maximilian Kolbe died on August 14, 1941 in Auschwitz when he was 47 years old. Before his death, he was caught on February 1941 in Poland. After that, he was sent to the Auschwitz death camp on May and became a prisoner. He volunteered to die to replace his friend, Franciszek Gajowniczek in the death camp of Auschwitz. Kolbe was killed with Lethal injection.
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