Did you know the 10 interesting Facts about Gas Chambers?A gas chamber is an apparatus for killing humans or other animals with gas, consisting of a sealed chamber into which a poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced. The most commonly used poisonous agent is hydrogen cyanide; carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide have also been used.
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Facts about Gas Chambers 1:Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany made extensive use of various types of gas chamber for mass killing.Beginning in 1939, gas chambers were used as part of the Nazi euthanasia program aimed at eliminating physically and intellectually disabled people. Experiments in the gassing of patients were conducted in October 1939 in occupied Posen in Poland. Hundreds of prisoners were killed by carbon monoxide poisoning in an improvised gas chamber
Facts about Gas Chambers 2: Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen were Schutzstaffel (SS) paramilitary death squads of Nazi Germany that were responsible for mass killings.The Einsatzgruppen were involved in the murder of much of the intelligentsia, including members of the priesthood,and cultural elite of Poland, and had an integral role in the implementation of the so-called “Final Solution to the Jewish Question” (Die Endlösung der Judenfrage) in territories conquered by Nazi Germany
Facts about Gas Chambers 3: The Holocaust
The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by local collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews—around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe—between 1941 and 1945.
Facts about Gas Chambers 4: Chełmno Extermination Camp
Chełmno extermination camp, built during World War II, was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps and was situated 50 kilometres north of the metropolitan city of Łódź, near the village of Chełmno nad Nerem
Facts about Gas Chambers 5: The Operation Reinhard
Operation Reinhard or Operation Reinhardt was the codename of the secretive World War II German plan to exterminate Poland’s Jews in the General Government district of German-occupied Poland.
Facts about Gas Chambers 6:The hydrogen Cyanide-based Fumigant Zyklon B
The hydrogen Cyanide-based Fumigant Zyklon B
Fumigation is a method of pest control or removal of pests that completely fills an area with gaseous pesticide.Zyklon B was the trade name of a cyanide-based pesticide invented in Germany in the early 1920s. It consisted of hydrogen cyanide, as well as a cautionary eye irritant and one of several adsorbents such as diatomaceous earth.
Facts about Gas Chambers 7:Lithuania
In 1937–1940, Lithuania operated a gas chamber in Aleksotas within the First Fort of the Kaunas Fortress. Before, the executions were carried out by hanging or by shooting. However, these methods were viewed as brutal and in January 1937, the criminal code was amended to provide execution by gas which at the time was viewed as more civilized and humane
Facts about Gas Chambers 8:North Korea
Kwon Hyok, a former head of security at Camp 22, described laboratories equipped with gas chambers for suffocation gas experiments, in which three or four people, normally a family, are the experimental subjects. After undergoing medical checks, the chambers are sealed and poison is injected through a tube, while scientists observe from above through glass. I
Facts about Gas Chambers 9:Soviet Union
The original invention of mobile gas chambers based on adapted vans with the storage compartment sealed and exhaust redirected inside are attributed to Soviet NKVD commander Isay Berg. These vans were used by NKVD from 1936 under disguise of bread vans
Facts about Gas Chambers 10:United States
Gas Chambers California US
Gas chambers have been used for capital punishment in the United States to execute death row inmates. The first person to be executed in the United States by lethal gas was Gee Jon, on February 8, 1924. An unsuccessful attempt to pump poison gas directly into his cell at Nevada State Prison led to the development of the first makeshift gas chamber to carry out Gee’s death sentence
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