Facts about Ancient China will inform you about the amazing and the oldest civilizations in the world. After Russia, Canada, and the United States, China become the fourth lagerst country. It also known as the Flowery Kingdom, because there are many fruits and flowers. Xia Dynasty, the Shang Dynasty, the Zhou Dynasty, and Western Zhou were the period of ancient China.
Facts about Ancient China 1: The Xia Dynasty
The second period of ancient China was the Xia Dynasty. The founder of the Xia Dynasty was King Yu and ruled the ancient China from the 21st to 17th century BC. Besides, Xia Dynasty has legendary minister named Xi Zhong. During the second millennium BC, he found a chariot. Unfortunately, Jie the last king fell in love with the enemy. That is why Xia Dynasty became crushed.
Facts about Ancient China 2: The Shang Dynasty
The Shang Dynasty was the third period of ancient China. Yellow rules is an area which is ruled by them (17th century BC to 1046 BC). Besides, Tang was the founder of Shang Dynasty. Happy and peaceful life symbolized his rules.
Facts about Ancient China 3: The Zhou Dynasty
The longest ruling dynasty was the Zhou Dynasty (from 1046 to 256 BC). The dynasty was divided into Eastern Zhou and Western Zhou. The founder of Zhou Dynasty was Wu. Besides, the philosophers increased in this period.
Facts about Ancient China 4: The Western Zhou
King Wu was the founder of Western Zhou. The first part of the Zhou Dynasty was Western Zhou and ruled the ancient China from 1046 to 771 BC.
Facts about Ancient China 5: The Eastern Zhou
The Eastern ruled the ancient China from 770 to 256 BC and it was the second part of the Zhou Dynasty. Besides, Spring and Autumn periods and the Warring States period belong to the Eastern Zhou.
Facts about Ancient China 6: The First Emperor
In 221 BCE, the first emperor of ancient China was Qin Shi Huangdi. Qin ruled the kingdom more than 2,000 years and in 1912 CE was the ending. Brief and harsh symbolized the reign of Qin. He applied the legalistic rules, so all of the books were burned except the books about forestry, divination, medicine, and agriculture. Qin also the first emperor who built Great Wall of China.
Facts about Ancient China 7: Language
Mandarin, Hakka, Cantonese, Wu, Min, Gan, and Xiang are the Chinese language.
Facts about Ancient China 8: Yellow River and the Yangtze River
Yellow river is also known as Huang He. It is the sixth longest river in the world. Thus, the third longest river in the world is the Yangtze river. Both of them became the major rivers, becuase they played important role in the ancient China.
Facts about Ancient China 9: The religions
The three main Chinese religions are Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism,. Lao Tzu is the Chinese philosopher who brought philosophy of Taoism. It was become popular during the masses. The next philosophy was Confucianism. Confucius was the founder of this philosophy. Respect, politeness and kindness were held by Confucianism philosophy. Besides, honor and morality were the main qualities of this philosophy. The last was Buddhism. The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama.
Facts about Ancient China 10: The Great Wall
The Great Wall was built to protect the kingdom from raiders by Chinese Emperors. It is one of the largest structures in China’s history. The height is around 7,5 m (25 ft) thick and 8 m (26 ft) high.
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