Those who have children must be really careful when reading one of these following facts about ADHD. Do you know what ADHD is? ADHD, or also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is a psychiatric disorder of the neuro-developmental type in which there are significant problems of atttion, hyperactivity, or acting impulsively that are not appropriate for a person’s age. These symptoms must begin by age six to twelve and be present for more than six months for a diagnosis to be made. To get to know more about this disorder, here are some other facts about ADHD you might be aware of.
Facts about ADHD 1: Counseling
ADHD management usually involves some combination of counseling, lifestyle changes, and medications. Medications are only recommended as a first-line treatment in children who have severe symptoms and may be considered for those with moderate symptoms who either refuse or fail to improve with counseling.
Facts about ADHD 2: Long-term Medication Effects
Long term effects of medications are not clear and they are not recommended in preschool-aged children. Adolescents and adults tend to develop coping skills which make up for some or all of their impairments.
Facts about ADHD 3: Symptoms
The symptoms can be difficult to define as it is hard to draw a line at where normal levels of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity end and significant levels requiring interventions begin.
Facts about ADHD 4: People with ADHD
People with ADHD more often have difficulties with social skills, such as social interaction and forming and maintaining friendships. About half of children and adolescents with ADHD experience social rejection by their peers compared to 10–15% of non-ADHD children and adolescents.
Facts about ADHD 5: Associated Disorder
There is an association with persistent bed wetting, language delay, and developmental coordination disorder (DCD), with about half of people with DCD having ADHD.
Facts about ADHD 6: Cause
The cause of most cases of ADHD is unknown; however, it is believed to involve interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Certain cases are related to previous infection of or trauma to the brain.
Facts about ADHD 7: Hyperactivity
Hyperactivity might have been beneficial, from an evolutionary perspective, in situations involving risk, competition, or unpredictable behavior. In these situations, ADHD could have been beneficial to society as a whole even while being harmful to the individual.
Facts about ADHD 8: Environment
Environmental factors are believed to play a lesser role. Alcohol intake during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorder which can include symptoms similar to ADHD. Exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy can cause problems with central nervous system development and can increase the risk of ADHD.
Facts about ADHD 9: Diagnosis
ADHD is diagnosed by an assessment of a person’s childhood behavioral and mental development, including ruling out the effects of drugs, medications and other medical or psychiatric problems as explanations for the symptoms.
Facts about ADHD 10: Media Commentary
A number of notable individuals have given controversial statements regarding ADHD. Tom Cruise has referred to the medications Ritalin and Adderall as “street drugs”.
Hope you would find those ADHD facts really interesting and useful for your additional reading.