Facts about American Slavery will inform you about human slavery of legal institution in the 18th and 19th centuries. Slavery became legal in the Thirteen Colonies coincided with the Declaration of Independence. Besides, John Casor (a black man) was the first slave owner in America and slavery happened before American Civil War. Here are the other facts about American slavery.
Facts about American Slavery 1: African slaves
In the Atlantic Slave Trade, the most American slaves was from Africa. It is around 12.5 million slaves were sent from Africa to the America. During the trip, there were some slaves who died because of disease. That is why the slaves that arrived in America only 10.7 million. They worked in the tobacco and cotton fields in 1793. In the South, the use of slaves became economy’s foundation.
Facts about American Slavery 2: The cost of a slave
In 1850, the cost slave in America was around $340. In today’s money, it was equivalent of $40,000.
Facts about American Slavery 3: Ancient Roman winter festival
There was special tradition during ancient Roman winter festival. The tradition was a change of roles between slaves and their owners.
Facts about American Slavery 4: The first slavery begin in the America
In 1619, African were the first slaves in the American colonies. They were shipped in Jamestown, Virginia. Besides, American colonies brought 600,000 more slaves after 200 years.
Facts about American Slavery 5: Slave codes
In 1700s, the rights of slave owners and the status of slaves were determined by state laws. It was called slave codes. There were punishment for slave who escaped from the American colonies. Besides, having weapons and leaving the plantation of their owner were forbidden by the colonies.
Facts about American Slavery 6: The clothes of slave
There were differences clothes between men and women slaves. Long dresses were worn by women slaves whereas pants and loose shirts were worn by men slaves.
Facts about American Slavery 7: The house of slave
The house of slave was small and near the fieds for slave who worked as a farmer. Although their house was less privacy, but they still had privacy from their owner.
Facts about American Slavery 8: Abolitionism
Abolitionists were the people who wanted to abolish slavery. They thought that slavery in the United States should be illegal.
Facts about American Slavery 9: Slave States and Free States
Actually, there were two states in the United States. They are south (slave state) and north (free states). Missouri was new state that belongs to slave state. However, it was admitted as a free states by Congress in 1820 (the Missouri Compromise ).
Facts about American Slavery 10: Underground Railroad
Underground Railroad was used to escape from South to the North by slaves. It also can be used for hideouts. In 1810-1865, there were 100,000 slaves that escaped using Underground Railroad.
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